To answer your questions to the best of my ability, I'm going to cite this essay I stumbled upon - which is a transcript of an essay written in 1984 by the Vancouver, B.C. branch.
Regarding training or risk or necessity as a factor for wages (i.e. the neurosurgeon vs. the ice cream truck driver)
I'll also add that while it may take more training and certain skills to be a neurosurgeon vs. an ice cream truck driver which makes them more rare and in our current system more "valuable" - let's not forget that the cost of schooling (as well as a number of other socio-economic factors - including access to a decent, healthy breakfast every morning) often serve as gatekeepers and is probably causing a false scarcity of physicians, surgeons, and other medical personnel. I imagine that's a bigger factor here in the States than it would be for our neighbors to the north since a university education is far less expensive up there than it is down here.
Anyway - continuing:
Regarding our belief the wage system is not only unfair and hazardous but undemocratic (as well as why anti-capitalists, including Wobblies, often have harsh words for bosses on all levels of the economy):
To interject again, I will admit anti-capitalists could stand to have a little more nuance when discussing business owners. The current system pits us against each other (alienation) and in order to "make it," exploration is almost inevitable, especially if you're a business owner. It is "dog eat dog," even though there are plenty to go around for all of us to survive and thrive if we cooperate instead of competing against each other. This is the only system many of us really know and there are plenty of "rags to riches" stories of people who got to the top - from Andrew Carnegie to Steve Jobs to Oprah Winfrey. What we are proposing is a re-calibration of society the whole "pulling yourself up by your bootstraps" mantra is unnecessary. No one's going to stop you from trying to make bold new advances in science or literature or industry - you just can't do it at the expense of other people or the Planet on which we live.
Which brings me to the centerpiece: what a "wageless society" is and what it could look like:
I know this is pretty vague but you have to understand the IWW is not a vanguard party like the Bolsheviks or the July 26th Movement were. Personally, I'm distrustful of vanguards which is why I'm not a Marxist-Leninist or a Maoist - though perhaps that's why they've been more successful than more Libertarian-Socialist and Anarchist experiments (though hopefully Rojava and its political/economic model will be the exception).
As a Union, we're not proposing a single path to our goals (including the abolition of the wage system). We don't have a platform - we have an outline because we believe (and I certainly believe) that the path to our goals takes on many paths. I don't believe an individual or a party can lead the way to sustainable liberation for working folks across the globe. Not only would it look different from country to country but even state to state here in the U.S. I don't think socialism could look the same in California as it would in Rhode Island or Mississippi or Pennsylvania. This is going to require a complete upturning of society - not only economically but socially and politically.
And that brings be back 'round to the topic at hand (and thank you @brandymac27 and everyone else for enduring this long-winded sidebar). I know Lefties like myself can be sort of cavalier and I know my reply a couple days ago was flippant. I'm aware that, albeit marginally from my perspective (which is, and I cannot emphasize this enough, from an anti-capitalist point of view), Sec. Clinton would have be preferable to the current President.The current administration is a toxic, draconian, dysfunctional hive led by what appears to be a deeply troubled, incompetent, and bigoted man. Along those lines, Secretary Clinton and her party are the preferred choice to the current administration and his party. I'm not doubting that. It's why I'll at least vote Democrat down ballot and why I may very well vote for a Democrat in the 2020 election (though the Dems are gonna have to do better than John Kerry or Bernie 2.0 - that's a whole different matter)
But right now the country and the world-at-large is like a car sitting on a high cliff that's rapidly crumbling to dust. Under the current congressional and executive leadership, the car is going in reverse at 70 MPH. Chances are if Democrats were behind the wheel, they'd apply the breaks and put the car in neutral which is preferable but we're still not moving and that cliff is giving way. I'm trying to do my part to put the car in drive and get us off this damn cliff altogether before anyone else needs to get hurt. Sea levels are rising, age expectancy is dropping, cost of living is soaring and by and large, wages are staying stagnant. All that has been the case under both Democratic and Republican leadership. This isn't a matter of tightening a few bolts or or unjamming a cog or two - this is a systemic issue and it needs to be addressed as such. Legislation isn't going to solve it. Politicians making big speeches isn't going to solve it. Performative, state-sanctioned demonstrations aren't going to solve it. Even more radical actions like #J20 alone aren't going to solve it. What's going to really get the ball rolling, as far as I'm concerned, can be summed up in one phrase by one of the IWW's founders, Bill Haywood.
Once again, I'm sorry for taking up so much space. We now return you to your regularly scheduled programming.