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Who Says Vampire Bats Don't Attack People (23 Dead)


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Behind the Recent Spate of Vampire Bat Attacks

Monday, November 07, 2005

By Ker Than

Bites from rabid vampire bats were blamed for 23 deaths in northern Brazil over the past two months, according to local newspaper reports.

Many scientists fear such encounters will become more common as the bats' forests homes are destroyed and they are lured towards cattle ranches and farms where livestock and humans make easy prey.

But much of what people perceive about vampire bats (search) is myth, and experts say protecting against them is fairly easy.

Food is food

Vampire bats live in subtropical and tropical regions in northern Mexico and throughout parts of South America.

There are three species. The one that feeds on farm animals and humans is called the common vampire bat (search).

Common vampire bats are small. Their bodies are only about as long as a human thumb and they have average wingspans of about 8 inches. Common vampire bats have strong legs and can crawl, hop, jump and even run.

The bats typically feed on domesticated animals such as horses and cattle. In the rare instances when vampire bats attack humans, it's usually because their regular food supply disappears; often the farm animals have been moved or taken to market.

To the bats, a sleeping human is just another large, warm and unconscious animal.

"The people are likely to be bitten by vampire bats are those that sleep outdoors or sleep in huts that don't have any windows on them," said Barbara French (search), an expert at Bat Conservation International, a Texas based non-profit organization.

Bat myths

Fears about vampire bats are fueled by a lot of misconceptions, French says. A common one is that the bats bite the throats of their human victims. The truth is a little less glamorous.

"They're more likely to go for a person's big toe," French told LiveScience. "There's a good blood supply there and the bite is usually less noticeable."

Also, instead of sucking the blood of their victims as is generally believed, vampire bats make a small tear in their victim's skin and lap at the blood as it oozes out.

When the bats have finished their meal, they're often so engorged with blood that they're too heavy to fly. The bats have to crawl off their sleeping victims and go someplace to digest their meal before returning home.

A lot of human deaths could be prevented if people take simple precautions, French said.

"They're not like a rodent, which can dig or chew things apart to get into a building," French said. "If there isn't an opening for it to fly in, the bat just doesn't go in. A simple screen over openings will keep a vampire bat out."

The Dracula effect

Still, fears persist.

"They're nocturnal, people don't tend to know as much about them, and what we don't know we tend to fear," French said.

Legends of vampire-like creatures can be found in cultures all around the world. Bram Stroker's fictional character Dracula has served as the template for vampires in modern Western culture.

It's widely thought that the real-life inspiration for Stroker's 1897 character was the Romanian Prince Vlad III Dracula (search), also known as "Vlad the Impaler," so named because his preferred method of torture and execution was impaling people.

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Do ya'll have bats up there?

Not too many here, but in central and west texas it is cool to see them take fight as night falls.

There are bats in the DC area yes. When I was a kid my parents would take me to the Washington monument. They have outdoor concerts that the Marine band plays. They start at dusk and when its starts to get dark the bats came out. I would watch them fly around the monument under the big lights that light it up. It was really cool cause one time the band played the flight of the bumble bee and there were all these bats flapping around...

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One Bats nest in your back yard helps with the bugs...

My apple tree has one... *Cool to watch*

I used to have one that hung around till he started showing up in the daylight.

He and my Remmington had a encounter...Rabies :(

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Uggghhhh great! Another SciFi Channel movie capitalizing on freak animal breakouts (like the 3 snakehead movies they came out with)

Man, you missed the instant classic "Vampire Bats". It aired on CBS the night before Halloween. Too much unintentional comedy. I believe Xena Warrior Princess was the movies big star.

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